A while ago I backed a kickstarter for an aluminium Raspberry Pi case. Although I’ve already amassed a collection of Pi cases (everything from Lego to a hollowed out Holga medium format camera) this one caught my eye as being a rather beautiful piece of industrial design. They even went as far as quoting me on the kickstarter page.
Plus it was being made by a bloke and his Dad, which I like.
Well the case has arrived today, and I’m glad to say it’s not a disappointment. I opted for the bare metal version, and it feels really well made. The finish is more matt than it appears in the photos which is a plus point, and it comes with two lids – a perforated version and a version with slots if you want to make use of the camera and GPIO.
This is a very pretty case – perhaps most suited for a desktop Pi. The perforated design is a little bit reminiscent of the powermac G5 and the construction is spot on. I did need to bend the cover very slightly to get it to lock into place, but once it’s there it sits very securely.
The case is also stackable, which would make a very attractive Pi cluster.
Downsides? well it’s not cheap – Adafruit are selling it for $49.95 although it’s cheaper than the other Aluminium cases I’ve seen. If you’re quick you can still buy it direct for $34.99, which still makes it about as much as a Pi, but then it does look very nice on my desk next to the iMac. The video out and stereo jacks are recessed, so angled plugs might struggle but the HDMI socket is almost flush with the side of the case – and this is the output I would use 99% of the time anyway.
Overall? I stand by my statement that this is the best Aluminium case available for the Raspberry Pi – there are others out there but they start to push the ludicrously expensive barrier, and the UniPi case has the feel of much more expensive fruit branded products.
Thanks to the lovely people at Farnell UK I have 4 Xtrinsic sensor evaluation boards to give away. These boards include a stack of sensors (altitude, pressure, magnetometer and accelerometer) attached to a Freescale Freedom Development Platform board which has a multicolour LED and a touch pad.
Out of the box the boards show up as a USB drive when attached to a PC, and it’s possible to load apps to the board – the Farnell kit comes with a script that displays the information from the various sensors via a USB/Serial interface.
At the moment the board instructions are for PC, although there is a Linux driver available.
There’s potential for lots of really interesting projects with these boards, so here’s how to win one*:
Just come up with an idea for a project using the board – can be anything you like, from the complicated to the simple – and add it as a comment below.
If you want to include a bit of information (or write a blog about your idea) link to it from your comment.
I’ll pick the 4 I like the best and send out the boards. The closing date is the 7th of December 2013 so you have a week to get your thinking caps on.
I’ll feature the ideas – and follow up on how the projects went on in a later blog post.
*droids not included. I live in the UK but will post anywhere but it might take a while to arrive. Decisions are all final. Boards supplied by Farnell UK who send me nice stuff from time to time.
The competition has now closed, thank you to everyone who entered, I’ll be sorting through the ideas and contacting you if you’re a winner.
Here’s a little project to build an LED web counter for your blog. Proudly(!) display the number of visitors on a retro LED display, using the wordpress stats API – or potentially using any web accessible stats page.
You’ll need a Raspberry Pi (could even be the computer that’s hosting your blog) and a WordPress blog – either hosted yourself and using the Jetpack Stats plugin or on WordPress.com.
For this project I’m using a Python library called beautiful soup which can grab information from a web page – so as well as using this script to display a web counter, you could use it to display any information scraped from any accessible web page.
If you’re not using WordPress you could also do this using google analytics and the Embedded Analytics service, or by using your own counter installed on your website (see ideas below).
The Python script grabs the value from the web, and then sends it to the Pi’s serial port where it is displayed on an LED matrix.
For my project I’m using the Wharfe-Education.com BelleVue kit which fits neatly inside a Ferrero Rocher box and has a nice Back to the Future look about it. For 15 quid it’s a nice easy to solder together kit which features a 6 figure 7 segment LED display.
First make sure the Pi is powered down before attaching anything to the GPIO pins.
To attach the BelleVue to the Pi, you’ll need to attach the TXD (transmit), 5v and GND (ground) pins on the Pi’s GPIO to the inputs on the BelleVue – the right is a diagram for reference: – TXD on the Pi goes to RxD on the BelleVue, 5v on the Pi goes to Vcc and GND to GND.
For reference the diagram on the right shows the top row of GPIO pins with the Pi logo and text on the board the right way up – on the BelleVue it’s the 3 pins on the left hand side as you look at the board, again with the text the correct way up.
When you power on the Pi a sequence of characters will be sent out across the serial port. It is possible to disable this using the instructions found on the Raspberry Pi Spy website here – although they are for the Pi-Lite they equally apply to the BelleVue or any arduino powered LED display.
The Raspberry Leaf provides a handy guide to get the correct pins on the GPIO – or you can use the Adafruit cobbler and some breadboard. The serial port pins are in the same location for all revisions and A and B models of the Pi.
or a Pi-Lite for a scrolling ticker board effect. The Pi-Lite just plugs into the GPIO and sits neatly on top of the Pi. I’ve found that the transparent Mod-My-Pi.com case perfectly fits over the Pi-Lite:
Alternatively if you’re up to the challenge (and want to save some cash) you could make your own – the Pi-Lite, BelleVue and LED matrix boards are all LED modules driven by Arduino based micro controllers and there’s a handy tutorial here which also includes the code you need.
First on the Raspberry Pi we need to install pyserial to make use of the Pi’s serial port:
Replacing yourAPIkey and blog_uri with your values. The final part of the URL defines what data is returned. You should see a plain text message of “views” and a number if everything is working properly. The &days=-1 returns the total number of unique visits to the site – you can replace this with &days=1 for number of views in the last day or &days=30 for number of views in the last 30 days, etcetera.
Once you’re happy with your URL, create a new python script – either on the Pi Desktop or on the command line using
Command – you should see your attached LED display list the number of visits to your site. This will loop with the same value until the script is stopped or run again.
Finally – but we don’t want to be constantly typing in the commands to run the script all the time – to get by this we’re going to use cron (short for cronometer – a regular clock that does things at regular intervals). For a bit more info about cron check out this blog from David Singleton.
We can set cron to run our webcounterticker.py program every minute:
sudo crontab -e
Opens your cron table in the nano editor – you just need to add
* * * * * sudo python /home/webcounterticker.py
and then control-O to save and control-X to exit. You might need to adjust the line above depending on where you saved your python script.
A few other ideas:
Once you’ve got your LED display running you might want to think of a few other things to do with it:
You can use Embedded analytics to generate a copy of your Google stats to use with the Beautiful Soup library
Use your own web counter – e.g. this php script (which I’m currently using on the footer of GhostPi.org)
Host a blog on the same Raspberry Pi that is running the web counter
Build an Ashes scoreboard to record England’s epic victory over Australia
Build a rack of LED counters for Web visits, Twitter followers, Emails sent or other things you want to measure (and show off)
Buy a DMC-12 on ebay and turn it into a time machine
As always, corrections and improvements are welcome!
I recently acquired a FLIRC USB Dongle to use with my Raspberry Pi, and thought I’d post a few impressions of this handy media gadget.
FLIRC is a USB programmable adapter that can learn from any IR remote controller. You program the FLIRC using an app running on a Mac, PC or Intel based Ubuntu install, and once setup the FLIRC just appears as a standard USB keyboard.
The FLIRC itself is the size of a small USB stick – I’ve been using it with an old SKY box remote which has lots of handy buttons to use for various options. These remotes are a nice size, take AA batteries, and there are plenty available from amazon if you don’t have one to hand.
Each of the keys is set by running the FLIRC app – this can be set up as a simple apple TV remote:
for a more complicated XBMC remote, compatible with the Raspberry Pi’s RaspBMC:
Or for the full kitchen sink option, as a complete USB keyboard:
The latter is particularly useful as it offers keys like left and right command – which are missed off some keyboards, like the one on the Motorola Lapdock and using a small remote as a keypad is also quite a handy feature. Programmable keypads are usually much more expensive than the £22.99 that the FLIRC retails for.
All in all the FLIRC is a handy tool for the Raspberry Pi – it’s only downside is that it can’t be programmed directly from the Pi itself, as you need an intel based Mac or PC to program it. There is an API promised in the near future that should hopefully address some of these issues.
Recently I’ve been sent a PiFace board from the lovely people at Farnell UK – I’m currently working on a slightly silly but hopefully quite fun project with this, but in the meantime I wanted to post up a quick review of the board.
The Pi-Face comes fully assembled and features 4 inputs (complete with push switches for testing) and 8 outputs – 2 of which are relays, making it suitable to drive high current motors. All the outputs feature surface mount LED indicators so you can easily see what’s happening. As there’s a load of screw terminals attached to the board, absolutely no soldering is required to hook it up to LEDs or motors, or any type of power application. Although the big chunky relays are rated up to high voltages I think the practical limit is about 20v.
Fitting the board – in this case to a Raspberry Pi model A is a push fit job – there are cut outs for the video out and ethernet ports, along with a rubber foot that rests on the HDMI port. My only slight niggle was that in order for the board to fit completely flush against the Pi I had to trim 5 of the pins from the inputs for it to fit where it sits on the blue audio output port. This is a minor issue though as the board would work fine without this.
For installation – ignore the url printed on the board as this includes a mistake in the setup instructions. I used the following to install the software for the board:
sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/raspi-blacklist.conf
and edit the file to add a # at the beginning of the line which reads blacklist spi-bcm2708, so it reads # blacklist spi-bcm2708.
to install the software – reboot your Pi and then you can use the rather neat graphical interface to test out the board –
to startup the graphical user interface, then open a terminal and type:
The emulator lets you see inputs from the buttons, and switch the outputs on and off:
The instructions and resources from the Start Pi website seem to be the most accurate – there’s a lot of work in progress, but hopefully the support for the Pi-Face will improve with time.
In conclusion it’s a cheap, nicely put together board with very handy relays and terminal inputs – I’m planning on putting mine to use with a lego project (watch this space) – although it lacks the flexibility of some of the bigger boards it has enough for most of the projects you’re likely to do – particularly if like me you interested in the whole idea of social media controlled gadgets. The documentation could be a lot better, and with the screw terminals rather than soldering requirement this board is aimed at the beginner, so hopefully that should improve over time.
Earlier this year Holga Direct created a digital version of the Holga – the 120d as an April fool joke – although my version lacks the 73 megapixel sensor and retina back display it does actually exist, can take nice pictures and is fairly easy to build yourself if you’d like to give it a try.
The aim of this is to build a neat case which fits the Raspberry Pi and camera module, and to do a bit of experimenting with the GPIO (General Purpose Input and Output) pins to use them to control various aspects of the camera. Lacking instant feedback and having no idea what you’ve captured until you take it home also fulfils some of the ideas behind retro analogue photography made popular by Lomography. It also looks a bit hipster.
This is a fully working Digital Holga 120d – it used the case from a broken Holga, unfortunately it doesn’t use the original plastic lens (although I have kept this) as the Pi Camera board has it’s own built in lens, however it is now possible to use screw on lenses and filters.
The case is now finished but I have made a few changes since my last post:
I’ve lost the external USB port as there wasn’t quite enough space inside the case to fit the USB plug – I am now using a nano wifi adapter inside the case – specifically the Edimax EW-7811UN adapter which works well with the Raspberry Pi model A and fits inside the case.
Along the way I’ve added a few extra parts:
A 49mm adapter ring on the front lens – it is now possible to add filters – this is a zomei 46-49mm adapter ring (similar to this one) which screwed in to the original Holga plastic lens after using a dremel to sand down the holga lens until it fitted.
3.5mm plug for external camera trigger – this is a stereo headphone socket with 2 wires attached. Am using a mono 3.5mm cable to use as a cable release driver as I think it’s some kind of standard.
led indicator (in the viewfinder – which glows red to indicate a picture is being taken )
Optoisolator flash circuit – this is an LED attached to an image sensor – the model I’m using is rated to control very high voltages.
A 3 position rotary switch – to select between video, still photos and program mode. This is a 12 way switch so i’m only using a few of the contacts. I used a big chunky switch I found on ebay which makes a satisfying click when you turn it – it did fit after a dremel was used to cut a larger hole. I’ve used a tap washer to fill the gap between the switch and the camera case.
I’m currently powering this using a (rather big) Anker USB battery – will likely use something smaller in due course but the Anker battery seems to last forever and powers the Pi with the Wifi adapter with no problems at all.
The next step is to build the hardware to connect the various inputs and outputs to the Raspberry Pi. I’ve been experimenting with these using breadboard and hope to solder it all neatly together – with details – for my next project post. Essentially I need to wire 3 switches (shutter, 2 rotary switch positions) and 2 LEDs (indicator, optoisolator) to the GPIO.
Then finally there’s the matter of some software to pull it all together. At the moment I’ve been testing using the rather useful BerryCam iOS app – although it seems ironic to be using a device with it’s own much better built in camera to control the camera of another computer remotely, it’s a useful app to test things with. If you use the instructions in the first bit of my post about using the Pi as an Adblock server you can also set the IP address to be the same each time.
Here’s version 1 of the Holga Raspberry Pi Camera – a hackable, programable camera with a 5 megapixel sensor and HD video capabilities, in retro camera form.
My original concept was to do something like this:
And I managed to build something like this:
The Holga is an ultra-cheap medium format camera – if you shop around you can get one for about £15-20 – the model I used for this was the Holga Camera 120N (120 N) (Plastic Lens / Hot Shoe) with the Raspberry Pi Model A – although with a bit of modification it would work with the larger model B. Potentially by soldering the power supply and USB directly to the Pi you could make this a slimmer fit, but I wanted something that didn’t modify the Pi in any way.
The model A Pi fits quite well – you just have to remote the 2 plastic struts inside the case, and peel off the foam that secures the film reels inside the case. I had to remove the plastic panels that enclosed what would have been the flash (my Holga came without one). I cut up a cheap USB extension cable to mount on the top of the camera – and to plug into the side of the Pi. In order to make it fit with the right angled micro USB on the other side I needed to solder and make my own USB cable (you’ll need the shortest USB plug available – I used a poundland retractable USB cable as the source for mine).
If you don’t want to bother with the soldering you could probably just drill holes in either side of the case – there is room, and the plastic is easy to cut through.
I also added a couple of plastic struts to locate the Pi in place – it’s a snug fit so doesn’t rattle around inside the case.
With the Pi removed you can see how it sits in the camera:
The yellow wires go to the flash hotshoe – the green to the trigger button on the side of the lens housing, and the red to the power button.
The camera module sits inside the lens with the ribbon cable carefully wrapping around the board and over to the socket – I experimented with Sugru to hold the camera board in place (which would work) but wanted it to be removable, so opted to cut up a piece of spare plastic and drill a hole for the module to peek through – it’s a fairly firm push fit which holds it in place. The lens can still be rotated a little to make it easy to level the Pi camera.
For the power switch I used the same circuit as for the Motorola Lapdock, and added it to the lens mount. I’ve also added a press button on the other side to use to take photos – this will be (eventually) wired to the GPIO.
Despite it’s cheapness the case feels solid – most of the modifications could be done with a sharp craft knife, apart from a few places where the plastic was thicker or I needed to make holes and a dremel was needed. There’s a lot of empty space inside this case so plenty of room to add things later (I wanted to add a speaker and a few other outputs and inputs, so will do later..)
Overall this was a fun project – all the messy cables and glue are neatly hidden (I went a bit overboard on the glue gun when soldering my USB extension cable) and the case was fairly easy to work with.
The case also has a nice screw mount for a tripod – handy for securing the Pi with camera to things.
Making it more than ‘just a camera’
Replicating a simple Camera with the Pi and Holga (HolgaPi? Piga?) would be a bit boring so my aim with this project is to provide a nice case with the possibility of extending it beyond what I could achieve with a normal compact camera.
At the moment the GPIO isn’t connected to the shutter button or flash trigger – i’ll do this next and write up the method in another blog post.
Things to do:
Think of a name
Calibrate the viewfinder
Write / find some code to make the camera operate over a network. As it lacks a screen the idea of putting all the camera controls into a web app makes sense
Add an LED indicator to the viewfinder
Add a speaker and think of some sound effects for the camera to make
Make use of the flash hotshoe (I’m thinking of using an opto-isolator for this, as some flashes have high trigger voltages running through them)
Add some more inputs – this could make the basis of a camera trap. Would be fairly easy to make this rainproof. As it is it would work with a Makey Makey…
Write some code to make the GPIO stuff work. I’m relying on this blog post to learn how.
Spray it red / green to match with the Pi look, neaten up the lens mount where the glue has discoloured the plastic
Investigate batteries or solar power
See if I can add a filter mount
Send a detailed proposal to the Lomo people to ask them to make a modified Holga case for the Raspberry Pi
My new kickstarter backer Pebble Smartwatch arrived this weekend – and tempted as I was to just put it on ebay straight away I had a bit of a play with it.
The Pebble is a ‘smartwatch’ that connects via bluetooth to your phone. It’s a fairly simple devices a little bit bigger than a regular casio, featuring 4 buttons and a magnetic charging point. The display (described as e-paper rather than e-ink) is a classic black and white lcd – although it’s not quite as high contrast as the display in a kindle it’s not far off and it updates much more quickly without the ghosting you typically get with an ereader.
Out of the box you get vibrating text message, phone call and email notifications, and a few different watch faces – a really nice touch is the shake to activate the backlight function. It’s also possible to control your phone’s music app through a simple pause / play / skip forward and back interface. Battery life is quoted as being a week – although I tend to leave it on charge with my phone every night. Overall it’s a lovely device – perhaps not worth the mega prices cropping up on ebay right now, but worth waiting for.
I suspect watches like this will get smaller, cheaper and a bit more robust over time – my one gripe is that I wish they’d included a glass front rather than the polished plastic.
As this is a version 1 device – as Kickstarter keeps telling us they are not a store – some of the software feels a little bit unpolished, but there is plenty of potential there for handy remote control functions.
Which is an online custom watch face generator site – on the left is my design in progress.
The website allows you to customise the font size and background image (in this case my website’s logo) and do a bit of tweaking – it then generates a file you can download on your mobile and open using the Pebble App.
Rather cleverly it provides the download with a QR code making it very simple to open it on your phone and send it to the Pebble.
Bingo! – you can create a super-simple simple watchface in minutes:
I’m not going to put this online as there’s something hipster nice about owning a watch face that no-one else has.. and there’s this thread here bemoaning the millions of not particularly good designs that will clog up the more professionally designed sites.
Ultimately designing a watchface (or other clever app – am thinking if there’s a Raspberry Pi projec here) properly using the SDK would be more satisfying, but the sheer speed and ease you can do this is amazing.
I wrote a post a while back about installing Sam Nazarko’s Raspberry Pi flavoured XBMC – Raspbmc, but now things have moved on a bit, rendering my original instructions out of date. Updated update: RaspBMC is now available as part of the NOOBS installer.
My criteria in trying this out is, is this something I could use everyday and is this something I could set up for an older relative and just leave in place…
The updated release version of Raspmbc now has a very easy to use installer, and is really simple to get running. Just prepare your SD card using the appropriate installer (I’ve been using the Mac version) pop it into your Raspberry Pi (ensuring it has an ethernet connection) switch on the power and then go and have a cup of tea.
Everything’s lovely and smooth – the menus work slickly, and the behind the scenes hard work on Raspbmc has really paid off. It behaves like a commercial product, and although it does pause occasionally it’s still far superior to the bundled apps that come with a lot of (often very expensive) smart TVs.
It also works well on a Motorola Lapdock (adjusting the screen size automatically from the HDMI monitor I originally installed it on).
In face you often have to remind yourself that this is running off a $25 computer.
Once you’ve got it running adding WiFi is nice and straightforward – I’ve been using the Edimax EW-7711UAN 150Mbps Wireless adapter which is detected and works with my BT hub without any issues. You just need to enter your network SSID and login using the Raspbmc settings option which is under programs.
Installing iPlayer on RaspBMC
Youtube and Vimeo plugins can be found in the ‘add plugins’ section and work out of the box.
To add iplayer – possibly the main thing I use my streaming box for these days there are a few additional steps (for just iplayer follow the step by step guide see this blog)
You’ll need to add some additional repositories –
There’s actually a handy plugin which automates the addition of new repositories, so we’ll install that first.
With the Raspberry Pi connected to the internet:
Home Screen to Settings > System Information. You need to locate and take note of your Pi’s IP address – this usually starts with 192.168.1.(then a number)
Next on another computer, you’ll need to connect via SSH – on a Mac or Linux PC open the console and use:
ssh pi@(your IP address)
the standard password is raspberry. Select yes and enter your locale details in the menus that appear – this will then end up with a [email protected] prompt.
On a PC you’ll need an SSH tool like PuttY
Copy and paste the following into your terminal window:
Then back on the pi go to system -> addons (in XBMC backspace moves up through sub-menus, so you might have to hit this a few times to find the top menu) and select install from zip file option.
Select homefolder and then plugin.program.repo.installer-1.9.5.zip
you should get a little message in the bottom right hand corner to say it’s been installed.
then select the programs icon and run the Repositories Installer
There’s a long list – iplayer can be found in Hitchers Repo, 4OD in the Mossy repo. Once this is installed you can navigate to system – settings – add-ons to install, and then video- Add-ons to watch.
For much more – including things like setting this up for airplay, using an ipad as a remote – and to support this excellent project – check out Sam Nazarko’s book for more info: Raspberry Pi Media Center
A new Raspberry Pi model A arrived in the post yesterday. I’ve got a very specific project in mind for this slimmed down model – but for now a couple of pictures.
It lacks Ethernet and has 256mb of RAM, but consumes less power (about 1/3rd) – than the existing model B version. It’s also a bit cheaper so you can now buy a computer which can do high definition video for less then the price of a blu-ray movie.
From the side it’s noticeably thinner (1.7cm deep allowing for the SD card compared to 2cm) than the existing model B – the widest components on the board being the video connector, followed by the audio out and GPIO pins – the single width USB and HDMI connector being about the same width. So there’s also some scope here to make it even thinner with a bit of careful desoldering:
A year ago I’d never consider bringing a soldering iron near a PC, but perhaps that’s the effect of the super-low-cost computer.
A blog about Art, Technology and Activism by Pete Taylor